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Glossary

A

A0

A0 paper size is a very large paper printing format (standardized by ISO 216) which corresponds to a total area of 1 m� or 841 mm wide by 1189 mm long. A0 printing is done via a plotter that often prints on a paper roll. A0 is used for printing posters, tarpaulins, etc. In the printing industry, the A0 format is also considered to be 800 x 1200 mm. An A0 print is most often made on a lightweight sheet of paper, between 50g/m� and 120g/m�.

A1

A1 is a large format of paper that corresponds to a printing area of 50 mm" or 841 mm wide by 594 mm long. This format is used for printing event posters, posters, architectural plans, etc.

A4

A4 paper size, as defined by the ISO 216 standard, is the most used printing format for both professionals and individials. It is a standard format that corresponds to a rectangular sheet 210 mm wide by 297 mm long (example: letter). A4 sheets are sold in reams of 500 sheets.

ADF

The document feeder is a tool available on some printers that allows you to process a stack of documents automatically. This feeder therefore optimizes the speed of processing large documents.

Airprint

An Apple technology that allows you to print high-quality documents from a Mac, iPhone, iPad or iPod Touch without downloading or installing additional software (drivers). See the list of AirPrint compatible printers.

Automatic Return Feeder (ARF)

An automatic return feeder is a document feeder that scans the front and back of documents by returning paper sheets. However, this tool is slower than a dual scan document feeder.

B

Bluetooth

Bluetooth is a communication technology that allows data to be exchanged a very short distance without a wired connection. This technology simplifies the exchange of documents and information between two devices.

Brother

Brother is a Japanese brand created in 1908. The Brother brand is present in various markets: from household appliances with sewing machines to printing solutions with printers, multifunction printers and labellers.

C

Canon

Canon is a Japanese brand created in 1933. Canon sells printers, multifunction printers and scanners. The Canon brand is also well-known in the photography market for its cameras.

cartridges

Printer cartridges are available for all printing technologies: toner cartridges for Laser Printers and ink cartridges for Inkjet Printers. There are also several types of cartridges: original ink cartridges (OEM cartridges), compatible cartridges and remanufactured cartridges.

compatible

A compatible cartridge (or generic cartridge) is manufactured identically to the original cartridges by another company. They are much cheaper than OEM cartridges.

consumable

Consumables are common devices for printers and photocopiers: these are called cartridges, transfer kits or drums. Printing consumables must be replaced as soon as they are empty.

copy

A copy is an identical reproduction of a document. It can be made in colour and in black and white. A copy also varies according to quality criteria defined by the manufacturers.

cost per page

The cost per page is calculated by dividing the cartridge price of purchase by the printing capacity of that cartridge. It provides a better visibility of the total cost of a printer and its consumables.

D

DPI

Dot per inch

Dual scan document feeder (DSDF)

A dual scan feeder is a document feeder that simultaneously scans the front and back of a document with two separate reading heads. This technology is generally faster than the return feeder and reduces paper problems in the document processor.

E

Ethernet

Ethernet is one of the most widely used computer networks in the world. This technology allows several devices (printer, computer, internet box...) to connect to each other in order to optimize communications and to quickly exchange information.

F

Fax

Faxing is a communication technology that allows documents to be transmitted via a telephone line. To benefit from this technology, it is necessary that both the sender and the receiver have access to this functionality via their printing equipment.

Fuser unit

A fuser unit is a laser printer's core element that heats the toner powder which will then melt and fix itself on the paper.

I

IRDA

Infrared Data Association

L

LCD screen

A LCD screen is made of a liquid crystal technology. Invented in 1964, this screen lowers energy consumption. LCD screens are nowadays on many devices such as televisions, computers and printers.

O

OCR

Optical Character Recognition Optical Character Recognition enables the transformation of an image into a text file.

OEM cartridges

Original cartridges (OEM cartridges) are sold by printer manufacturers (example: HP cartridges, Canon cartridges, Brother cartridges, Epson cartridges, etc.). OEM cartridges are often more expensive than compatible or remanufactured cartridges.

P

Paper path

A paper path represents the path of the paper in the printer. The paper goes through several steps before it leaves the printer and these steps represent the paper path.

Paper size

Paper size corresponds to different existing paper formats : A1, A2, A3, A4, A5...

Paper tray

The paper tray is an element of the printer that stores the available paper and feeds the printing system.

Paper weight

The paper weight corresponds to the weight, in grams, of one meter of paper or cardboard. It is used to evaluate the hardness of the substrate. The higher the weight, the harder and more resistant the support will be.

PCL

Printer Command Language

PPM

Page per minute

S

SD

Secure Digital

Sheet of paper

A paper sheet is a rectangular medium used for printing or writing data.

T

Touchscreen

A touchscreen allows you to use your finger instead of a traditional mouse. It is more and more common on new printers and makes navigation through menus easier.